There are two types of nepenthes, both require slightly different growing requirements. These two types are known as lowland and highland nepenthes.
Lowland Nepenthes are native to elevations of 0 - 1000 meters above sea level, where they grow in hot, humid, tropical lowland forests and in overgrown fields and roadsides.
Cultivation for Lowland nepenthes
Lowland Nepenthes do best with bright to moderate lighting, and many can tolerate rather dim lighting. If grown outdoors in suitable climates, they do best in shady to party shady areas.
Lowland Nepenthes can often tolerate being kept a bit wetter than their highland counterparts, soil should never be allowed to dry out, and should be kept moist at all times. Water used should be low in minerals, under 100ppm.
Humidity should be kept above 75% at all times since most lowland Nepenthes are unable to cope with lower levels and may wilt or dry up.
Most lowland Nepenthes do best at temps between 95F and 68F, but most can survive brief drops down to 60F on occasion.
Most grow well in a soil mix consisting of 2 parts fine orchid bark to one part peat moss, or 2 parts perlite to one part chopped long fiber sphagnum moss
Lowland Nepenthes grow best when fertilized unless a great deal of insects are caught. Using a urea free orchid fertilizer at 1/4 the recommended rate oncea month works well.
Cultivation guide for Highland Nepenthes
Highland Nepenthes are native to elevations of 1500 meters
above sea level or more, where they grow in cool, foggy, high
altitude cloud forests, and moss covered cliffsides.
Highland Nepenthes do best with bright to moderate lighting,
and if grown outdoors in a suitable climate, do best in a partly
Highland Nepenthes need consistantly moist soil, but do not tolerate being waterlogged and need good drainage. Water
used should be very low in minerals, under 50ppm.
Humidity should be kept above 55% to ensure good growth and pitcher production.
Most highland Nepenthes require a night time temperature drop of 15 degrees or more to grow well, Temperatures of
68-78F during the day, and 50-65F at night are optimal.
A well drained soil mix is required, a mix of 2 parts fine orchid bark, 1 part perlite, 1 part horticultural charcoal, and 1
part long fiber sphagnum works well.
Highland Nepenthes grow best when fertillized unless a great deal of insects are caught. Using a urea free orchid
fertillizer at 1/4 the recommended rate once a month works well.